Bitcoin Classified 'Commodity' by Finland Central Bank

Finland’s central bank has declared that bitcoin does not meet the country's definition of a currency.

AccessTimeIconJan 20, 2014 at 3:15 p.m. UTC
Updated Sep 11, 2021 at 10:16 a.m. UTC

Bitcoin has been classified as a commodity in Finland after the Scandinavian country’s central bank declared that it did not meet the definition of a currency.

concluded that bitcoin simply doesn't meet the legal conditions required to be considered a form of electronic payment, either.

Paeivi Heikkinen, head of oversight at the bank, told Bloomberg that bitcoin was more comparable to a commodity at this point.

“Considering the definition of an official currency as set out in law, it’s not that. It’s also not a payment instrument, because the law stipulates that a payment instrument must have an issuer responsible for its operation,” Heikkinen said.

Finland open to digital currency

Unlike some countries, Finland has so far embraced a more liberal attitude towards digital currencies. In addition, these currencies are remarkably popular in certain circles.

A recent survey carried out by Nordnet AB found that one in ten Finns is interested in investing in digital currencies. Among men interest was a bit higher, with 17.2% of those questioned saying they would consider investing in bitcoin. The country is also home to one of Europe's first permanently installed bitcoin ATMs.

This latest statement is unlikely to change very much. Finns will still be able to exchange bitcoins and make investments. However, Heikkinen warns that nobody guarantees the value of bitcoin and huge fluctuations are commonplace. He notes: “It’s at your own risk.”

Regulation may prove necessary

Despite Finland’s liberal attitude, Heikkenen believes more should be done to supervise digital currencies.

“The changes in value are totally unregulated and very vulnerable to news, speculation and hoaxes. If the phenomenon grows and begins to cause side effects, officials will then have to consider whether to regulate it and how,” he said.

Heikkenen raises an interesting point. For the time being there is simply not a lot of need for regulation, as the bitcoin economy is relatively small. Some regulators like the Chinese central bank have clearly stated that bitcoin does not pose a threat to fiscal or monetary stability.

However, with greater adoption it is only logical to expect more calls for some form of regulation. While speculators might not like it, a sound regulatory framework that would eliminate many ambiguities related to digital currencies could actually boost bitcoin adoption worldwide.

Helsinki Image via Shutterstock


Please note that our privacy policy, terms of use, cookies, and do not sell my personal information has been updated.

CoinDesk is an award-winning media outlet that covers the cryptocurrency industry. Its journalists abide by a strict set of editorial policies. In November 2023, CoinDesk was acquired by the Bullish group, owner of Bullish, a regulated, digital assets exchange. The Bullish group is majority-owned by; both companies have interests in a variety of blockchain and digital asset businesses and significant holdings of digital assets, including bitcoin. CoinDesk operates as an independent subsidiary with an editorial committee to protect journalistic independence. CoinDesk employees, including journalists, may receive options in the Bullish group as part of their compensation.